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Volume 02 Issue 09 (September 2015)

S.No. Title & Authors Page No View
1

Title : Role of Plants in Constructed Wetland System

Authors : Dr. Shalini Saxena

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Abstract :

Wetlands, either constructed or natural, offer a cheaper and low-cost alternative technology for wastewater treatment. A constructed wetland system that is specifically engineered for water quality improvement as a primary purpose is termed as a ‘Constructed Wetland Treatment System’ (CWTS). In the past, many such systems were constructed to treat low volumes of wastewater loaded with easily degradable organic matter for isolated populations in urban areas. However, widespread demand for improved receiving water quality, and water reclamation and reuse, is currently the driving force for the implementation of CWTS all over the world. Recent concerns over wetland losses have generated a need for the creation of wetlands, which are intended to emulate the functions and values of natural wetlands that have been destroyed. Natural characteristics are applied to CWTS with emergent macrophyte stands that duplicate the physical, chemical and biological processes of natural wetland systems. The number of CWTS in use has very much increased in the past few years. The use of constructed wetlands is gaining rapid interest. Most of these systems cater for tertiary treatment from towns and cities. They are larger in size, usually using surface-flow system to remove low concentration of nutrient (N and P) and suspended solids. However, in some countries, these constructed wetland treatment systems are usually used to provide secondary treatment of domestic sewage for village populations. These constructed wetland systems have been seen as an economically attractive, energy-efficient way of providing high standards of wastewater treatment.

Typically, wetlands are constructed for one or more of four primary purposes: creation of habitat to compensate for natural wetlands converted for agriculture and urban development, water quality improvement, flood control, and production of food and fiber (constructed aquaculture wetlands).

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2

Title : Aerodynamics Drag Curtailment Using Phlegmatic Contraption

Authors : Rengasamy.K, Irish Angelin S, Raja S, Kabilan Siranjivi

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Drag reduction on the surfaces directly or indirectly increase the efficiency of the overall system. Reducing the drag consists of reducing viscous skin friction, delaying flow separation and boundary layer formation by external means. In this paper Passive technique is used for reducing the drag formation thereby delaying flow separation and boundary layer growth. This paper deals with a passive structure that results in a drag reduction greater than 5% reduction observed for riblets on aerodynamic wall structures by modifying the surface of the wall structure with micro-fibres that modify the coherent structures in the inner flow. A fibre kind of structure is developed to achieve the result. The modelling of the fibre structure is done and then analysed using with the standard atmospheric parameters.

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3

Title : Developing an Inventory Management System for an Automobile-Spare Parts Local Distributor

Authors : Yahya Saleh

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This paper aims at developing an effective spare parts inventory management system at a local Palestinian distributor having an agency for a certain brand of auto spare parts. A set of spare parts is considered in the analysis by firstly classifying them into ABC classification based on real historical sales date. Proper forecasting models are derived for each category to estimate the future demand of each item. Then, estimates of relevant costs are identified for each category of spare parts items. Respective optimal ordering policies (with optimal order quantities and optimal ordering times) based on Economic Order Quantity (EOQ) models are determined such that the total annual spare parts inventory cost is minimized. A comparison with the current ordering policies adopted by the distributor with the ones obtained in by EOQ models is conducted where the EOQ-based policies outperform the current ones through yielding lower total annual inventory costs.

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4

Title : A Review on Multimodal Approach for Thumb and Ear Biometric System

Authors : Gurpinder Singh, Miss Varinderjit Kaur

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Biometric is the science and technology of measuring and analyzing biological data of human body, extracting a feature set from the acquired data and comparing this set against to the template set in the database. Biometric systems based on single source of information are called unimodal biometric system. The performance of unimodal system is affected by noisy sensor data and non-universality. Problems raised in the unimodal system can be resolved using multimodal biometric. This paper presents a review on unique approach of multi-modal thumbprint and ear based person recognition system.

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5

Title : Beam Steering of Antenna Array of Radar using Progressive Frequency Shift in Excitation

Authors : Mr. Arvind Kumar Sahu , Prof. Ravi Mohan, Prof. Rahul Koshta

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Beam Steering is one of the most important sections in efficient working of any radar. Electronic beam steering has been the most successful scheme so far in radar. Electronic scanning can be implemented in three ways: phase scanning, time delay scanning and frequency scanning. Phase shifters play a vital role in establishing beam steering using electronic scanning. However phase shifters like ferrites, TWT, delay line etc are narrowband systems. Thus we propose to provide steering of beam without the use of phase shifters, hence eliminating the problems associated with it. The new scheme investigated in this thesis is based on pattern control of antenna array by controlling the excitations of each element with any use of phase shifters.  This concept of controlling the beam using excitations of elements has been first derived in the form of equations and then the same is simulated using MATLAB. Conceptually, time, range and angle dependent electronic scanning is achieved by introducing progressing small frequency shifts among the antenna elements. The simulation results for the same are obtained and verified.

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6

Title : Some Classes of almost r-Contact Riemannian Manifolds and Kenmotsu Manifold

Authors : Geeta Verma, Virendra Nath Pathak

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Certain classes of almost r-contact Riemannian Manifolds, viz., almost Kenmotsu, nearly Kenmotsu, Quasi-Kenmotsu and special r-contact metric Manifolds are defined and obtained some properties of these manifolds. Also, it has been shown that the structure vector field  of the almost r-contact metric structure is not a Killing vector field on a nearly Kenmotsu vector field

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7

Title : Screening of coffee genotypes with tolerance/resistance to Bacterial Blight of Coffee in Chikamagalur Dist, Karnataka

Authors : Hossein Ramzan Nezhad, Rabin Chandra Paramanik, Achinto Paramanik

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Bacterial Blight of Coffee caused by Pseudomonas syringae pathovar garcae is a major concern due to high incidence and severity in Arabica coffee being responsible for crop losses of more than 30%. Although resistance to BBC was not factored in the breeding programs of elite varieties, disease resistant varieties reduce the cost of production and offer an environmentally safe management. The objective of the study was to identify coffee genotypes with resistance to BBC. Twenty four coffee genotypes were screened for resistance using 4 BBC isolates collected from different regions.Inoculation was done with a drop of approximately 10 µl of the isolates suspension (109 CFU/ml) using injection method on 4 months old seedlings. The experiment was carried out in a Complete Randomized Design. Disease symptoms were scored using a scale of 1 to 5 and the data subjected to analysis of variance and effect declared significant at 5% level. The results revealed significant difference among the coffee genotypes with Rume Sudan being the most resistant. There was no significant virulence effect observed on three isolates although one isolate was different.

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8

Title : Use of V Shape Rotavator For Weeding And Cultivating In Ridge And Furrow Shape: Literature View

Authors : Daundkar Kiran, Wadekar Pramod, Mohite Prathmesh, Daundkar Supriya, Prof. Sateesh Patil

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In India there are many states where ridge and furrow shape geometry is used for production of crops. The main problem in ridge and furrow shape geometry is for cultivation, weed removal or tilling operation after planting of crops becomes very difficult by mechanical equipment’s. Due to inability of use of mechanical equipment’s it is necessary to use man power for weed removal and conventional method for tilling operation. In recent days chemicals are used to control weed growth, but chemical method having its own drawbacks. Hence we developing a new idea which will helpful for mechanical weed removal, tilling operation and cultivation in ridge and furrow like soil arrangements crop farms.      Various obstacles of weed removal in ridge and furrow type structure are discussed in this paper. Main focus of this paper is to study and develop various equipment’s that may use for mechanical weed removal and made improvements in the methods of mechanical weed destroyer’s as well as cultivation techniques. Some studies in agricultural field shows that majority of  Indian farmers prefer tillage machines designed for preparing land with the help of machine with blades which rotates at very high Speed. Main attention of the project is on the arrangement of blades and the power transmission to achieve a desired function from project.

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9

Title : Gossypol: Toxicity, Importance and Availability

Authors : Devesh K. Saxena, S. K. Sharma, S. S. Sambi

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Gossypol is a polyphenolic highly toxic compound found mainly in cotton plant. Cotton seed is a rich source of oil and of good quality protein. Gossypol’s presence in cotton seed meal makes the meal unfit for consumption both for human being and animal feed due to its toxicity. In order to supplement protein content of the feed, defatted cotton seed meal is used in regulated quantities only. The consumption of cottonseed in excess quantities may lead to severe health problems and even lead to the death of the animal. Similarily, the raw cottonseed oil is also unsuitable in food application. The oil is usable after thorough refining only so that the gossypol is removed.  On the other hand, gossypol when present in the cotton plant is reported to work as a natural defense system to protect the plant from insects, pests and diseases. Additionally, gossypol has been found to be useful as a male contraceptive in China. It also possess antiseptic, antiviral, antimalerial, antiatoptotic and antipsoritic activity. Recent interest is shown by scientists in gossypol as an anti-cancer drug. Gossypol is reported to be a precious compound due to its diversified uses in medicine, pharmaceutical, plastic, pesticide and various other applications. The present paper enumerates availability, chemical properties, toxicity and uses associated with gossypol.

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10

Title : HRD factors affecting Job Satisfaction of Management Educators of Indore city

Authors : Loveleen Chawla, P. K. Gupta

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Teaching faculty is the most important group of professionals for our nation’s future. Teacher is a friend, philosopher and guide for the students.  They are producing good leaders, economists and scientists etc. to the nation. Teacher is considered as the building block of the nation.  A highly quality of teaching staff is the corner stone of a successful educational system. Attracting and retaining high quality teachers is thus a prime necessity for higher education in India.  It is an important thing to understand the factors behind the retention of the high quality faculty in higher education. One such factor is job satisfaction.  It is one factor behind the retention of high quality faculty in higher educational institutions in India.

 In the light of this background, the aim of the above study is to study the factors affecting Job satisfaction and performance of Teachers of Management Institutes with respect to Indore City. The study was conducted using primary data of 113 Management teachers from ten different Management Institutes of Indore using questionnaire method.  Only Management Institutes and colleges were selected for the study.

The results indicate that the most important factor was found to be “Holistic development Factor”.

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11

Title : A Novel Approach for Face Recognition based on ANN and ANFIS

Authors :

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With the progression of information technology combined with the need for high security, the application of biometric as identification and recognition method has received special attention. Face recognition is one of biometric methods, to identify given face image using main features of face. In this paper, an algorithm based on ANN (Artificial Neural Networks) and ANFIS (Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference System) is presented combining the computational capability of ANN and IF-THEN rules of ANN. ANN, ANFIS, and proposed method were applied to 200 face images from faces96 dataset. While ANN and ANFIS had very good results, the proposed method yields 97.1 % of classification accuracy, which indicates efficiency of the algorithm.

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12

Title : Developing Effective Risk Management Model: The Case of Palestinian Mobile Communication Organizations

Authors : Ahmad M. Al-Haj Ali, Ayham A.M. Jaaron

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Mobile Communication organizations are exposed to rapid technological changes accompanied by dynamic external environment that represent threats for their prosperity and competitiveness. A prerequisite for organizational growth and survival in this type of environment is the ability to build highly effective risk management models to adapt to rapid changes and mitigate threats. However, there seems to be scarcity in the current literature of empirical studies to explore effective risk management models development in this sector. This paper is an attempt to develop a risk management model for mobile communication organizations in Palestine. A case study methodology, using mixed methods technique, was adopted to collect data from two mobile communication companies operating in Palestine. Data were collected using semi-structured interviews and a specially designed questionnaire. The results of this study show that mobile communication companies are lacking responsive managerial systems to control threats, and that lack of responsivity to threats has been detrimental to their service quality and offerings. The developed model emphasizes the need for capacity building of employees as an antecedent for organizational risks identification, assessment, and control strategies formulation. Further, the model highlights the need for linking risk management plan implementation with achieving organizational goals. The paper demonstrates an important dynamic of how risk management processes can be encapsulated into the existing managerial systems of these organizations.

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13

Title : Design and Fabrication of Kinetic Energy Recovery System: Literature View

Authors : Lodade Nikhil, Daundkar Nitesh, Mahalungkar Satish, Kale Satyawan, Patil Sateesh

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Now days increasing huge energy demand and increased alertness of people towards the healthiness in developing countries like India are some of driving forces for the development of new technology and saving of energy. The law of conservation has become requirement in today’s world, mainly in all new technology. In many of rolling applications maximum energy is lost during deceleration or braking. This problem has been fixed with the introduction of kinetic energy recovery system. Kinetic Energy Recovery System (K.E.R.S) is a type of regenerative braking system which has different approaches to store and reuse the lost energy. This paper gives an idea about a flywheel based kinetic energy recovery system (K.E.R.S) concept by showing the application of the same on a bicycle to improve the performance and and/or efficiency of the bicycle. Thus this is nothing but humanly powered machine. Flywheel rotor design is the key of researching and developing flywheel energy storage system. Thus this paper represents a literature report reviewing the human power flywheel motor as well as the flywheel design

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14

Title : Hydrology Ecology Relationship in Streams: A Review

Authors : Capt.(Dr.) N. P. Sonaje, Vidhyashri B.Koli

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Hydrology is a prime governor on the ecological quality of river systems, through its effect on flow, geomorphology, water quality and habitat. Sustaining natural hydrologic variability is necessary in safeguarding river ecosystem integrity. Hydrological deviation plays a main role in forming the biotic diversity in and around river ecosystems as it controls crucial habitat situations within floodplains. Variations in streamflow systems may alter many of these habitat attributes and impair ecosystem connectivity. The influences of river directive and land practice changes on the ecological quality of river systems. This paper aims at the review to summarize knowledge of the link between hydrology and ecology and the effects of altered flow regime on ecology.

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15

Title : Brief Discussing of Teaching Method about Analytic Geometry

Authors : Wang Yutian

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With the deepening of the reform of college curriculum,we set a course to train  application ability as the goal, to define the necessary basic knowledge according to professional needs, and we rely on the professional system as the basis, these are helpful for students to master mathematics and practical skills.

Analytic Geometry is an integral part of mathematics , the basic idea is to use algebraic methods to solve geometry problems. We put the vector as a tool, we use the coordinates to present the points, we expresss space curves and surfaces with the equations, we discuss the formation of space curves and surfaces, natures of the graphics, and the relationship between the graphics .These above are the main content of Analytic Geometry.

Teaching methods and assessment methods are constantly adjusted since I have been on this course.In this paper,combined with my own practice,teaching methods will be discussed to look forword to exploring better teaching methods.

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16

Title : Intelligent Transportation System in Hyderabad along Nh 44, Nh 65

Authors : Peddabala Sounyasri, V. Ranjith Kumar

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The road traffic is a regular problem of the any developed cities. India is the fast growing country, and the Indian cities are having a lot of traffic congestion. To improve the traffic management the road infrastructure improvement is required. One kind of the infrastructure of the road contains the Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS). Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS), used for efficient traffic management in developed countries, that cannot be proper using in India. ITS techniques have to undergo adaptation and innovation to suit the different traffic characteristics of Indian roads. Intelligent transport systems in Hyderabad can be studied about the two main road lines in the city. The project involves the all the (ITS) technologies in the city. The two main road lines are the National Highway-65 and National Highway-44. In this position paper, I present a comprehensive study of all available ITS systems, including both research prototypes and deployed systems. We next pose a set of interesting open research problems in the context of Hyderabad ITS. Though our paper focuses on the Hyderabad traffic scenario because of our hands-on experience of working with it, many of the problems and solutions outlined in this paper are relevant for other developing countries as well

 

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17

Title : Capital account liberalization, financial development, and Growth: Panel Data Analysis for Maghreb Arab Countries

Authors : Imane SENOUCI BEREXI, Djamel SEBBAGH, Mohamed BENBOUZIANE

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This paper provides an empirical analysis on the role of financial integration on economic growth via channel of financial development. Our empirical investigation on a sample of three Maghreb countries (Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia) and, using panel data analysis for the period 1980-2012. The estimation results show that the liberalization of the capital account is a good factor to promote economic growth, but only in those economies whose financial sector has reached a certain level of development.

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18

Title : Trade Policy and Instability Growth Rates: The Case of Algeria

Authors : BOUZIDI Souad, TALEB Dalila

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The importance of the macroeconomic context is related to the centrality of the relationship to the world in the political growth of the Algerian economy, considering the importance of the hydrocarbon sector (oil and gas) in terms of GDP, export incomes and of taxation

Based on the literature of protectionism, the article develops a reading grid for the evolution of Algerias open policy for the period 1963-2012 in relation to growth, it can distinguish three characteristics periods of the Algerian trade policy: the delegitimization protection (1963-1974); open obliged under the stress of Internationals institutions (1974-1994) and looking for a Master of the opening (1995-2012)

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