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Volume 04 Issue 04 (April 2017)

S.No. Title & Authors Page No View
1

Title : Concentrated Solar Power Generation: A Viable Alternative to Conventional Energy Sources In UAE

Authors : Silpa Baburajan

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This report focuses on the how Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) generation can be implemented in UAE along with water desalination technique. In UAE, solar energy is the amplest, direct and clean form of renewable energy available [4]. Total solar energy absorbed by the Earth is about 3,850,000 extra joules (EJ) in one year, which is even twice as much as all the non-renewable resources onthe earth found and used by the human being, including coal, oil, natural gas, and uranium [1]. There are two major challenges to the energy situation in the UAE. One of the important concerns is the rising demand of power and alarming power bills. The other important concern is the environmental challenges resulting from overreliance on the fossil-fuel-based thermal electrical plants in the country. The climatic condition in the UAE demands heavy energy use to run the air conditioners throughout the day for most part the year. Therefore, it is becoming a compelling need to develop less expensive and sustainable sources of power in the country.

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2

Title : Morphotectonic Analysis of Maharlu area, Zagros, Iran

Authors : Babak Samani, Naeim Matin, Abbas Charchi

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The study area has been located in the Zagros Mountains, south west Iran. Ghare, Maharlu and Sarvestan faults are the most important faults in the area. These faults form the southern, northern and eastern boundaries of the Maharlu plain respectively. Kinematic mechanisms of these faults are the important effects in the structural evolution of the Maharlu Lake. The Geomorphic indices including stream length–gradient index (SL), mountain front sinuosity (Smf), valley floor width to valley height ratio (Vf), basin shape index (Bs), and Basin asymmetry factor (Af) have been evaluated for determination of various tectonic activities in the area. Based on the quantitative amounts of each index, density distribution map of various parameters were prepared along the mentioned faults. In order to understand the amounts of tectonic activity, each of these indices were classified into three standards groups. Results of the amounts of tectonic activity indices (Iat) and overlied data layer show more tectonic activity in the eastern parts and especially in the contacts of Maharlu and Sarvestan faults. Morphotectonic comparisons of faults reveal that the sarvestan fault and the central part of Ghare faults are more active than other parts of the study are.

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3

Title : The positon of structural factors in Knowledge management achievements in organization: a case study in β company

Authors : Ali SaghirAmarghan, Reza JavanNezhad

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With entrance to knowledge age the effectiveness of knowledge management needs particular structural, cultural, technological and human perquisites. The main purpose of the research is searching the needed structural factors for success of knowledge management in organization. The ongoing situation of the statistical population will be studied with regard to these factors and components. The population of this research comprises managers and superiors of β company. Random classified sampling is used to determine the sample of this research. Data gathering is done by personal questionnaire and survey. The method research is descriptive. The conclusion shows that structural factors have significant effects on knowledge manage There are meaningful difference among exist and appropriate condition of foregoing factors. Eventually based on research findings, some recommendations are told to scientific society and organization.

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4

Title : Depicting the Post-Graduation Engineering Students Approaches to Learning in the Coimbatore City

Authors : Dr. B. Sripirabaa, Ms. Y. Benazir

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Learning is considered one of the most important mental functions of humans, animals and artificial cognitive systems.  Learning is considered as the acquisition of new behavior which the people acquire frequently. Students learn in many ways, and teachers differ in instructional methods. Nevertheless, both students and teachers share the same goal to reach optimal learning. Educational programs and courses that are responsive to diverse student populations and their individual differences are essential. The aim of the study is to identify the learning approaches adopted by engineering students. The study is descriptive in nature and adopted survey strategy. Data was collected using a questionnaire from the final year post graduate female engineering students in Coimbatore city. The collected data was analyzed using percentage analysis, descriptive statistics and Correlation analysis

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5

Title : Feasibility Study on Software Engineering Models

Authors : Pratik Sankar Panda, Sunit Gourav Mohanty, Monisa Nayak, Romit Panigrahi

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Software Engineering is an application of engineering principles in software developments. The principles can be defined as by applying well proven techniques in an organized and systematic manner. The objective is to develop a high quality software product. The software contains a set of codes, a set of manuals which includes user manual and design manual. User manual is the one in which what kind of services are provided to the users of the system depending on the user type. Software engineering helps to produce or develop high quality software within the available budget and time. There are a few attributes defining the software quality like usability, maintainability, reliability, portability, reusability and efficiency

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6

Title : Impact of Pressure and Gas Flow Rate on the Flow Pattern of Zeolite Suspension

Authors : Štefan Sabo, Branislav Ľoch, Tomáš Bakalár, Barbora Róth

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The use of membrane processes is wide nowadays and the emphasis on the elimination of problems arising from the application of these processes is increasing. In membrane processes a fairly serious problem is concentration polarization and the associated membrane fouling. This effect can be suppressed or even removed by several methods. One of the methods used and studied is injection of air into the microfiltration device. In our experiments the influence of pressure, gas flow and suspension concentration on the flow patterns through membrane device with membrane replaced by transparent PVC tube was studied. Measurements were made with distilled water, suspensions of zeolite from Nižný Hrabovec (SK) at different concentrations. The pressure and gas flow were varied at each suspension concentration. The changes in the flow patterns were monitored. In experiments slug flow occurred under the most of the conditions though. Based on the experimental results it can be concluded that the injection of air into the suspension can be very important in reducing membrane fouling.

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7

Title : GST Effect on Startups in India

Authors : Dr. Shankar Chaudhary

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Goods and Service tax (GST) will going to be the new regime of Indian Economy w.e.f. 1st July 2017. GST rationalises this whole bucket of indirect taxes and makes an attempt to unify most of them for a destination base tax, thereby creating India a unified market. It's calculable that the GDP of the country can rise by one to two percent. Currently, there are more than160 countries in the world that have implemented VAT/GST. Though it’s not an easy task to accept this new change; new regulations, to grasp the new system however with ample time given to industries/firms, with advance planning, timely release of legislative documents, proper conversation between businesses and administration regarding implementation and a reasonable tax rate will prove to aid in smoothening of the bill’s implementation like in many countries. Start-ups which could be generally a company, an organisation or a small business or a partnership which is designed to speedily develop a scalable business model. Various Start-ups have varied impacts of GST, both positive and negative. Due to GST, several online sellers are cheerful because they will be able to balance total tax accountability against tax paid on expenditures on office stuff, which is currently not possible. On the other hand, online trading sites such as Amazon, Flipkart and Snapdeal have expressed their concerns over the 2 percent tax collection TCS, stating that it should be sellers who should be paying this tax.

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8

Title : A Study on New Method for Control to Bead Width using Infrared Sensors

Authors : Joon-Sik Son, Min-Ho Park, Byeong-Ju Jin, Tae-Jong Yun, Ji-Yeon Shim and Ill-Soo Kim

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Generally automatic welding process is applied for many manufacturing areas which included pressure vessel fabrication, production of offshore structures and the nuclear industry. More recently, products of piles and columns to support wind turbines have significantly been grown in importance. However, an intelligent algorithm that predicted the optimal bead geometry and accomplishes the desired mechanical properties of the weldment in the robotic GMA(Gas Metal Arc) welding should be developed. The algorithm should also cover a wide range of material thicknesses and be applicable for all welding position. In addition, the proposed model for the automatic welding system must be available in the form of mathematical equations. In this study, an intelligent model which employed the neural network algorithm, one of AI (Artificial Intelligence) technologies were developed to study the effects of welding parameters on bead width and predict the optimal bead width for lap joint in the robotic GMA welding. BP(Back-Propagation) and LM(Levenberg-Marquardt) neural network algorithm were used to develop the intelligent model. Not only the fitting of these models were checked and compared by using variance test, but also the prediction on bead width using the developed models were verified.

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9

Title : Literature Review on the Role of Selected Consumer Socialization Factors on Children

Authors : T Mallikarjuna Raju, Dr. G. Chandra Sekhar

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Study of consumer decision making is influenced by many socialization factors. Important consumer socialization factors are exposure to media, parents influence, family communication patterns, and influence of peer groups. Children are under influence of many socialization factors concurrently which leads to the complexity in understanding the role of these factors. In this paper literature review is done to understand the role of family communication patterns and peer group influence on children consumer decision making process. Since there is cultural diversity from country to country this paper emphasizes the need for study of consumer socialization factors separately to identify which factors should be given priority. The study results will help the marketers to design better marketing communications

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10

Title : Uni-Transporter Finder4U: Enhancing Trusted Transportation Services by Harnessing the Universities and Network-of-Mosques (NoM) Capabilities

Authors : Abdul Rahman Ahmad Dahlan, Muhammad Nasiruddin Roslan, Irfan Farhan Ahmad Hamdany, Muhamad Izzat Syamil Nazir

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This project is made for Universities students in Malaysia to do their transporter business. This Uni-Transporter Finder4U can provide them to gain more customer especially student who live in campus. This project is being done in peninsular of Malaysia. This project use universities and mosques as centre of network for this system. A part of that, people of masjid can volunteer their selves to become a transporter. This project is also made to help poor people and the needy that need any transportation services. In addition the donor can donate their money to help the poor people to get into transporter. With this transporter finder application, people can easy to get transportation service anywhere with the cheap price, trusted driver and comfortable services.

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11

Title : Exponentiated Gumbel Shape Parameter Bayesian Estimation [Singly Type II Samples]

Authors : Assis.prof. Dr.Awatif R.AL-Dubaicy, Aliaa Hussien Yassin

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In this search: The Bayesian analysis of the shape parameter Exponentiated Gumbel distribution has been considered.The estimation has been obtained under[weighed and linear] loss functions for two different prior distribution [Hypothetical and Exponential].The estimation made under single type II data analyses. The Simulation study has been conducted to compare by mean squared error [MSE] for the performance of the four different estimators by nine assuming experiments for different Values of distribution parameters and different sample sizes

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12

Title : Security Analysis and Improvement of SDRP Using Diffie Hellman Algorithm in Wireless Sensor Network

Authors : Kavita J. Patil, Prof. Prashant Jawalkar

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Remote remaking in a remote sensor zone (WSN) is the path toward sending one more code picture or commands to sensor centers. Although all current dubious/secure recreating traditions rely on upon the concentrated approach, it is basic to support coursed rehashing in which variously endorsed framework customers can in the meantime and especially sensor centers are examined again without the inclusion of base station. Recently, a new secure and scattered recreating tradition known as SDRP has been introduced. Regardless, this paper recognizes a natural arrangement a gap in the customer pre-processing time of SDRP and shows that it is susceptible towards an emulate attack than can allow the enemy to extend mirror any endorsed customer to finish re-examining. This paper proposes a clear acclimation for settlement of the perceived security issue without compromising on any components of SDRP.Our objective to moreover upgrade the security and adequacy of SDRP using Diffie-Hellman.

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13

Title : MyTapauFoodie: Enhancing Food Delivery Service and Helping the Poor by Leveraging on Network-of-Restaurants and Network-of-Mosques Capabilities

Authors : Abdul Rahman Ahmad Dahlan, Muhammad Hasif Bin Sulaiman, Auzaie Bin Che Mohamad Nor, Nurul E’zzati Binti Razak

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This project is made for customers targeting market in Malaysia in order to provide them with food delivery service that allow food to be delivered easily and quickly from selected food vendors. The proposed project also will enable users to co-operate with the Network-of-Halal-Restaurants and Network-of-Mosques (NOM) in helping the society by encouraging customers to donate money to buy food for the needy

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14

Title : Experimental Methods for Characterization OF ZEOLITE

Authors : Dr.V.P.Deshpande

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Zeolites are microporous alkaline hydrated  aluminosilicate crystals, which include both natural and synthetic varieties. Natural zeolites can grow in cavities of igneous rocks from natural hydrothermal solutions. The idea that zeolite crystals have potential applications in numerous areas of scientific, industrial and agricultural technology has provided impetus for research and development programs that have been carried out in several countries. Experimental methods for characterization of zeolite includes, X-ray diffraction, Infrared spectroscopy (IR), Chemical analysis, Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR) etc.

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15

Title : Impact of Gross Domestic Product on Inflation in India

Authors : Ghanathe Ramesh, Chegu Jyothi

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Inflation is a sustained increase in the general price level of goods and services in an economy over a period of time. Inflation has long been the common man's concern about economic activity. Inflation is the most immediate economic parameter to be associated with the increase in price; it has its long and far reaching effects on the society and social concerns. In the global market the currencies those applying the monetary strategies in the international level are less vulnerable to the effects of global inflation than the currencies of the poorer and developing nations. So in respect of obtaining a better view of the effects and influence of inflation on the society we need to take mainly the experience of poor and developing nations. Inflation will affect on countries gross domestic product. This paper analyses the effects of inflation on our country’s gross domestic product that emerged in the recent past 10 years.

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16

Title : Detection of Unknown and Identical Users across Social Media Network

Authors : Dr. Kiran P, Amrutha G

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The most recent couple of years, as the utilization of web were expanding immensely the development and advancement of a dynamic research stream on a large variety of online Social Media Network (SMN) started. The SMN turns out to be the best stage for data recovery. The essential purpose of this project is to secure the clients login and data sharing among the relational associations like Gmail, Facebook and besides find anonymous clients using this systems. In case the main client not available in the system, but instead their friends or unknown client knows their login purposes means possible to manhandle their chats. This project has to beat the anonymous client using the system without unique client knowledge. Unauthorized client utilizing the login to chat, share pictures or recordings and so on. This is the issue to be overcome in this project .In this paper, we develop a system Friend Relationship-Based User Identification (FRUI) calculation for mapping individuals on cross application SMN's. The friend cycle of every individual differences therefore, accuracy of our result will be kept up if we use partner list as a key section to analyze cross application on the web. Moreover focus is on using two more systems to improve capability of our algorithm. Our review has shown that FRUI is effective to research and de-anonymize web based systems administration

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17

Title : Design of A Line of Assembly Under an Ergonomic Approach to Optimize its Operation

Authors : Jaime Alfonso León Duarte, María Guadalupe Quijada Durazo, María de los Ángeles Navarro Hinojosa, Luis Felipe Romero Dessens

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Describes a new design of manual assembly line. In the assembly line, the subject has a design problem with the stations, such as the design fault on the flow process, this is caused because of the wrong placement of materials and tools. The solution utilized, which in part came from a study by Chim (2014) in Hong Kong, where a systematic solution is used to calculate the potential risk of muscle/bone trauma. And also from a study by Sanchez Reyes et al. (2013) which proposes a study of shift and time managment to find aproppiate standard production times, a reduction of inventory, facilitate the scheduling of production and to find possible improvements in labor conditions

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18

Title : Artificial Neural Network Model for Short-Term Electric Load Demand Forecasting: A Case of Nairobi Region

Authors : Evans Kiptum

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Power engineers and energy planners require accurate electric load demand forecasts for efficient load dispatch, good generation mix and generation planning. Load forecasting using traditional statistical methods is often difficult because a number of non-linear factors interplay to produce the final result. Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) may be a good candidate to perform load forecasting, with proper training using appropriate learning data and algorithms, since they tolerate non-linear inputs. In this paper, we propose  to use load demand data in megawatts (MW) from Kenya Power Company’s connected customers in Nairobi region measured half-hourly over a period of one year (January to December 2014) to appropriately develop ANN models, train them and validate the data for the purpose of predicting the next day’s load demand for seven consecutive days. Other variables used are day type and the month of the year. Three ANN models were used in this research namely: Multilayer Perceptron, Linear Network and Pattern Recognition Network. The best model is one that will give the least Root Mean Square Errors (RMSEs). The results of the predictions have given an indication of how ANN models may be used to forecast electric load demand in a given area under constraints of several intervening factors. Accurate predictions may save important operating costs for Kenya Power Company. The result of this study may be useful to the Ministry of Energy (for planning purposes) and Kenya Generating Company for economic load dispatch decisions.

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Title : IOT Based Health Monitoring Device for Patients

Authors : Maskawadkar Aishwarya, Padekar Snehal, Thange Bhagyashree, Prof. S. T. Khot

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— In this fast pace of life, it is difficult for people to be constantly available for their near ones who might need them while they are suffering from a disease or physical disorder. So also constant monitoring of the patient’s body parameters such as temperature, pulse rate, position, heart rate sensor etc. becomes difficult..Hence to remove human error and to lessen the burden of monitoring patient’s health from doctor’s head, this paper presents the methodology for monitoring patients remotely using GSM network, GPRS network and Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) technology. Patient monitoring systems measure physiological characteristics either continuously or at regular intervals of time.

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Title : Lunar Climbing Adventure Consultant: Enhancing Climbers’ Professionalism, Wellbeing & Fitness

Authors : Abdul Rahman Ahmad Dahlan, Nurul Syafikah Junaidi, Nur Ameela Najwa Abd Jamil, Ahmad Syahir Abdul Ghariff

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This paper proposed a one-stop service platform focus on booking for guiding and coaching, online consulting regarding fitness and wellness of climbers, trip and event organizer and provide certificate from South East Asia Climbing Federation named Lunar Climbing Adventure Consultant (LCAC). This system has the ability to book a climbing session based on package provided. This system provides a platform for advertising a trip or event where the organizer need to sign up as member based on terms and conditions.

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Title : The Study of role of Partial Replacement of Cement with Marble Powders

Authors : Amarjeet Singh, Dr. D.P.Gupta, Dr. Arvind Dewangan, Er. Bhavana Arora

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The aim of this current study is both to avoid the environmental. In this way, we will help to protect the environment by consuming the waste marble dust obtained as a by- product of marble sawing and shaping processes in the factories those operating in our region. Stone industry is an important factor in worldwide economy. Despite this, a large amount of residues is produced in ornamental stone industry with different dimension and particle size. The increasing rate at which raw material are continuously transformed into industrial products results in waste generation. Consequently, recycling of industrial wastes and byproducts is becoming a crucial demand by the environmental laws in agreement with the concept of sustainable development. The present study was therefore planned to explore the possibility of usage of waste marble powder (WMP) as partial replacement of sand for production of concrete.The main purpose of this research is to investigate the possibility of utilizing waste marble dust generated during cutting and polishing process in marble factories in order to reuse it in cement and concrete production. Physical and mechanical properties of paste, hardened mortar and hardened concrete made of marble dust modified cement were investigated. The effect of marble dust addition on the internal microstructure and hydration products of paste samples were also investigated. Testing specimens were prepared by blending marble dust with cement and sand in 0.0%, 5.0%, 7.5%, 12.5%, 17.5 and 22.5% replacement ratios by weight [6].

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Title : Effect of Silica Fume on Compressive Strength and Split Tensile Strength of Concrete

Authors : Deepak Yadav, Dr. D.P.Gupta, Dr. Arvind Dewangan, Er. Bhavana Arora

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The present work aims at a deeper insight into the effect of cement replacement by silica fume in concrete over a wide range of water-cementitious material ratios and silica fume replacement percentages. Concrete is a widely used construction material for various types of structures due to its structural stability and strength. The usage, behaviour as well as the durability of concrete structures, built during the last first half of the century with ordinary portland cement (opc) and plain round bars of mild steel, the ease of procuring the constituent materials (whatever may be their qualities) of concrete and the knowledge that almost any combination of the constituents leads to a mass of concrete have bred contempt. Strength was stressed without a thought on the durability of structures. As a consequence of the liberties taken, the durability of concrete and concrete structures is on a southward journey; a journey that seems to have gained momentum on its path to self– destruction [1]. The ordinary portland cement (opc) is one of the main ingredients used for the production of concrete and has no alternative in the civil construction industry. Unfortunately, production of cement involves emission of large amounts of carbon-dioxide gas into the atmosphere, a major contributor for green house effect and the global warming, hence it is inevitable either to search for another material or partly replace it by some other material [2]. There are many important parameters which need to be studied in detail. The isolated effect of silica fume in concrete and the optimum silica fume replacement percentage causes the detailed investigations to ensure the maximum utilization of silica fume in concrete [8].

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Title : The Study of Effect of Steel Fibres and Marble Dust on Strength Characteristics of Pavement Quality Concrete

Authors : Dinesh Kumar, Dr. D.P. Gupta, Dr. Arvind Dewangan

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The present study aims at, developing pavement quality concrete mixtures incorporating marble dust as partial replacement of cement as well as steel fibres. The aim is to the design of slab thickness of PQC pavement using the achieved flexural strength of the concrete mixtures. In this study, the flexural, compressive and split tensile strength for pavement quality concrete mixtures for different percentage of steel fibres and replacement of cement with marble dust are reported. It is found out the maximum increase in flexure strength, compressive strength and split tensile strength is for 0% Marble Dust and 1% Steel fibre. Also it has been possible to achieve savings in cement by replacing it with marble dust and adding fibres.This study also shows that in view of the high flexural strength, high values of compressive strength and high values of split tensile strength, higher load carrying capacity and higher life expectancy, the combination of 10 to 20% marble dust replacement along with addition of 0.5 to 1% steel fibres is ideal for design of Pavement Quality Concrete (PQC).

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Title : Importance of High Strength Concrete Using Silica Fume and Rice Husk Ash

Authors : Pawan Kumar, Dr. D.P.Gupta, Dr. Arvind Dewangan, Er. Rahul Sikka

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Maintenance, repair and rehabilitation of existing cement concrete structures involve a lot of problem leading to significant expenditure. In the recent past, there has been considerable attention for improving the properties of concrete with respect to strength and durability, especially in aggressive environments .High strength concrete (HSC) appears to be better choice for a strong and durable structure. Suitable addition of mineral admixtures such as silica fume (SF) and rice husk ash (RHA) in concrete improves the strength and durability of concrete due to considerable improvement in the microstructure of concrete composites, especially at the transition zone. Very few studies have been reported  on the use of SF and RHA for development of high strength concrete and also durability characteristics of these mixes have not been reported . In order to make a quantitative assessment of different cement replacement levels with SF and RHA on the strength and durability properties for M70 grades of HSC trial mixes and to arrive at the maximum levels of replacement of cement with SF and RHA, investigations were taken. Requirement of proper curing is essential otherwise micro cracks will appear on the surface of concrete.

This paper reports on the performance of HSC trial mixes having different replacement levels of cement with SF and RHA. The strength and durability characteristics of these mixes are compared with the mixes without SF and RHA. Compressive strengths of concrete at7day, 14 days and 28days were obtained by using varoius replacement of cement with SF and RHA.

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Title : The Study on Use of Demolished Concrete in Pavement Construction Consists Of Conducting Laboratory Investigations on Cement Concrete

Authors : Amandeep Bura, Dr. D.P. Gupta, Dr. Arvind Dewangan, Er. Rahul Sikka

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The purpose of this research was to study the behavior of recycled coarse aggregates when it was included in Plain Cement Concrete. Slump test was performed on freshly mixed concrete, and compression test was performed on hardened concrete. 135 samples of concrete were prepared with RCA and natural aggregate, changing their mixture design parameters, including coarse aggregate proportion.

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Title : Blending Of Recycled Concrete Aggregates with Special Reference to Base Course Construction

Authors : Vishal, Dr. D.P. Gupta, Dr. Arvind Dewangan, Er. Rahul Sikka

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The objective of this study is to develop the best economic solution by blending of recycled concrete aggregates for use in base coarse construction. Therefore,  the  objective  of  this  project  is  to  investigate  the  properties  of blended  Recycled Concrete  Aggregate  including optimum moisture content, maximum dry density, and bearing strength.. For  determining  the  above  properties, the blending of  the  recycled  aggregate has been done in different proportions of 100 %, 90%, 80%, 70%, 60%, and 50%  recycled concrete aggregate  with the varying percentage of sand. Laboratory trails were conducted to investigate the possibility of using percentage of recycled concrete aggregate (100%, 90%, 80%, 70%, 60%, and 50%) with 3% and 5% of cement to replace the part of sand in mix. The heavy compaction tests were conducted to determine the optimum moisture content and dry density of the recycled aggregates. California bearing ratio (CBR) tests were conducted at optimum moisture content.

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Title : The Study about Stabilization of Soil with Waste Material

Authors : Wasim Yasin Mir, Dr. D.P.Gupta, Dr. Arvind Dewangan, Er. Ravinder

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For satisfactory performance of a structure, its foundation must satisfy the following three basic criteria:

 

  1. Location and depth criterion
  2. Shear failure or bearing capacity criterion
  3. Settlement criterion

 

The properties influencing the above cited criterions i.e. shear strength as well as compressibility can be improved by stabilizing the weaker soil deposits. Generally, soil stabilization has been adopted in various civil engineering works. Some important applications are in foundations, retaining structures, stability of slopes, underground structure, earth dam etc. Hence, in broad sense, we can say:

  1. Soil stabilization is the process of the improving the engineering properties of soil and thus making it more stable.
  2. It required when soil available for construction is not suitable for intended purpose.
  3. 3. In broad, the soil stabilization includes compaction, pre-consolidation, drainage and   many other processes.
  4. A cementing material or a chemical is added to a natural soil for the purpose of stabilization.  
  5. Soil stabilization is used to reduce the permeability and compressibility of soil mass in earth structures and to increase its shear strength.
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Title : Effect of Quality of Fly Ash on Concrete

Authors : Sundeep Singh, Dr. D.P.Gupta, Dr. Arvind Dewangan, Er. Ravinder

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At present, large quantity of fly ash is being dumped in slurry form in large areas close to the power plants without being put to gainful use in India. Only a very small percentage (<35%) of fly ash generated in India is being used for gainful applications whereas the corresponding figures of other countries may vary from 60 to 100%[2].

Although fly ash offers environmental advantages, it also improves the performance and quality of concrete. Fly ash affects the plastic properties of concrete by improving workability, reducing water demand, reducing segregation and bleeding, and lowering heat of hydration. Fly ash increases strength, reduces permeability, reduces corrosion of reinforcing steel, increases sulphate resistance, and reduces alkali-aggregate reaction. Fly ash reaches its maximum strength more slowly than concrete made with only portland cement. The techniques for working with this type of concrete are standard for the industry and will not impact the budget of a job. So as a Civil Engineer we should effectively try to use fly ash in construction, as it helps in saving environment with reduced construction cost along with many other advantages, but now question rises to what extent or percentage fly ash could be used in concrete for construction works, and to answer this present study have been made. The scope of present study aims at providing the M40 concrete with an optimum quantity of fly ash content that could be used in structural work/ road construction with acceptable strength values such that the cost of construction may be reduced to a great extent. Moreover, it also helps in reducing  the harmful impact of fly ash on environment.

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Title : Design & Analysis of Scrap Steel Fibre Reinforced Concrete

Authors : Sunil Dutt, Er. Bhavana Arora, Dr. D.P.Gupta, Dr. Arvind Dewangan

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This research work describe the use of scrap fibres which comes from the various industries & institutes as steel fibres are much costly and their cost is increased as increasing the percentage of steel fibres in the given concrete mix. so the concept is to design a suitable concrete mix and to analyze the various properties of this particular design mix as all know the function of the fibre based concrete is to arrest cracks, fibre composites possess increased extensibility and tensile strength, both at first crack and at ultimate, particular under flexural loading; and the fibres are able to hold the matrix together even after extensive cracking but by using these scrap fibres I wish to maintain the cost of the mix and obtain the improved values of the different properties related to concrete mix. However concrete has some deficiencies as listed below:

 

Low tensile strength

Low post cracking capacity

Brittleness and low ductility

Limited fatigue life

Incapable of accommodating large deformations

Low impact strength

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Title : Comparative Study between Conventional Activated Sludge System & Sequential Batch Reactor

Authors : Puneet Sharma, Er. Bhavana Arora, Dr. D.P.Gupta

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Two percent of the water on earth is glacier ice at the North and South Poles. This ice is fresh water and could be melted; however, it is too far away from where people live to be usable.

Less than 1% of all the water on earth is fresh water that we can actually use. We use this small amount of water for drinking, transportation, heating and cooling, industry, and many other purposes.

The fresh water used by per capita per day is 20 percent and rest 80 percent gets wasted. This waste water must be treated so as to reuse of waste water. Thus Sewage Treatment Plants are constructed to get clean water out of the waste water. Sewage Treatment can be done by different several technologies. But the latest technology nowadays used is Sequential Batch Reactor (SBR).

The object of this project is to represent the information regarding Sewage Treatment Plant integrated with latest treatment technology named as Sequential Batch Reactor (SBR). We will discuss about Technologies and its useful Management along with their Results.

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Title : Comparative Priliminary Cost Analysis of Materials in Construction Work: A Case Study

Authors : Seema Bitan, Dr. D.P. Gupta, Dr. Arvind Dewangan, Er. Rahul Sikka

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Abstract :

This thesis  provides an introduction to the Principles of  construction Management  , basically related to cost saving. This research shows that how can we reduce the overall project cost by replacing the old material with the new one. Cost is an important factor in construction management . Before starting a Project we Estimate the total project cost and according to this estimation we plan about budget of our project.

178-185